The Gene Guard Act (formally the Ethical Negligence within Paleo-Genetic Resurrection (ENPGR) Bill) was a legal bill passed by the US House Committee of Science in 1997 as a reaction to the San Diego Incident.
Content of the Bill
After the public had learned about the existence of InGen's dinosaurs in the 1997 San Diego Incident, a bill was passed the very same year that was meant to protect the cloned prehistoric life forms. It restricted access to the islands owned by InGen (presumably only Isla Nublar and Isla Sorna, though possibly the Five Deaths as well), extended the dinosaurs the rights of all other endangered animal species and forbad InGen, and later on Masrani Global, from cloning any further prehistoric flora or fauna.
In 2003, UHCS officials revised the act, stating their confidence in Masrani Global and the Jurassic World project. This new, watered down version of the act allowed Masrani Global to clone more dinosaurs. The relaxation was requested by an unkown Masrani official "for reasons of medical advancement." After the second Isla Nublar Incident, this change was eventually accused of having happened "via a corrupt and willfully misleading process."
Three months after the Jurassic World incident, several Masrani Global and InGen employees stepped forward with incriminating evidence against their employers, suggesting a violation of the Gene Guard Act. It was unearthed in an inquiry by the United States Congress that many of the species present on Isla Nublar had actually been cloned on Isla Sorna, long before the relaxation of the law in 2003.
The new species were grown in secret on Isla Sorna and experimented on over a period of nine months, starting just 100 days after the company was bought by Masrani Global. Incubation was achieved covertly and quickly to evade attention; only a select few InGen members were involved, and their names have been removed from records. It is unclear whether Masrani Global’s CEO, the late Simon Masrani, was aware of the law violation. The research and growth of these animals were filed under “Early R&D for Jurassic Park’s second incarnation” and simultaneously “Amalgam Testing.” The new species included: Ankylosaurus, Ceratosaurus, Corythosaurus, and Spinosaurus. A number of these new animals had originally been reported by the survivors of the plane crash on Isla Sorna during the summer of 2001, but the information was quickly buried by “bribed officials.”