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Name meaning

""Near Crested Lizard""

Code name





4 meters (13 feet)


10 meters (33 feet)


4-5 tons (8,000-10,000 lbs)


Isla Nublar
Isla Sorna

Birth type


Novel canon appearances

The Lost World

Movie canon appearances

Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park: The Game
The Lost World: Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park III
Jurassic World

Game appearances

The Lost World: Jurassic Park (arcade)
Jurassic Park: Trespasser
Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis
Jurassic Park III: Park Builder
Jurassic Park: The Game

Toy appearances

The Lost World Series 1
Jurassic Park III (Kaiyodo)
Jurassic World

Template Source

Parasaurolophus is a Hadrosaurid (sometimes called a duck-billed dinosaur) from approximately 76.5–73 million years ago (late Cretaceous). It is a herd animal feeding on the park’s rich vegetation. The most stunning feature of the Parasaurolophus is the crest on its head. Scientists were unsure of its function until today. Some believed it was a snorkel for when the animal was in water, others felt that it was used in combat. We now know that it serves for display and for communication, allowing the animals to remain in contact over distance by amplifying their haunting, beautiful cries.[1]

Wikipedia has a more detailed and comprehensive article on Parasaurolophus



Parasaurolophus was created by InGen[2] in their compound[3] on Isla Sorna where they spent their early lives being raise by the workers there.[4][3]

The clones resembled the species Parasaurolophus walkeri, but their crests tended to be shorter and more curved. They were also shorter than the real animal, being 7 meters (23.25ft) in length instead of 10 meters (33 ft).[5]

In a Parasaurolophus herd, there would be a member that would observe the surrounding area for any threats to the herd and would alert it if there were any nearby.[6]

They had two skin variations, citrine[2][6][4] and beige.[3] Their crests would vary in color as well, with some having black,[4] dark gray,[3] and purple[6] crests. From the research conducted by Dr. Laura Sorkin and her assitant David Banks the coloration of their crests were unique for each social clique.[7] The size and shape of the crest would vary in each herd.

When the clones were a few months old they would be transported to the neighboring island Isla Nublar to live as an attraction for InGen's Jurassic Park. Four lived in the self-titled Parasaurolophus Paddock,[6] though there were many that lived in the Brachiosaurus Enclosure.[2]

Just before the 1993 Isla Nublar Incident, one of the Parasaurs that was kept in the Parasaurolophus Paddock hurt her leg and became the watchmen of her herd.[6]

Isla Nublar Incident (1993)Edit

The endorsement team saw a herd of Parasaurolophus at the Watering Hole of the Brachiosaurus Enclosure though they seemed to have been more awestruck by the enclosure's titular Brachiosaurus rather than the hadrosaurs.[2]

Dr. Laura Sorkin and David Banks stayed on Isla Nublar during the storm to monitor the Parasaurolophus Paddock along with the Troodon she had created.[6]


A herd of Parasaurolophus in the Brachiosaurus Enclosure.

When Dennis Nedry disabled Jurassic Park's security systems, the Parasaurolophus in the Brachiosaurus Enclosure were able to roam freely,[2] however, the hadrosaurs inside the Parasaurolophus Paddock could not escape their paddock.[6]

When confronted by the remaining survivors and mercenaries on Isla Nublar, Dr, Sorkin insisted that they Lysine into the water supply of the Parasaur Paddock to save its inhabitants from death via the Lysine contingency, to which she and Dr. Gerry Harding and his daughter Jess Harding scare the Parasaurs out of their paddock and helped her achieve her goal. But after releasing Lysine into the water supply a pack of Velociraptors attacked the herd and killed the Parasaurolophus that was the watchmen of her herd.

Jurassic Park's Tyrannosaurus rex, Rexy, later hunted a Parasaurolophus, but did not kill it. Nima Cruz and Billy Yoder witnessed this hunt. Concurrently, a Velociraptor was feeding on a Parasaurolophus carcass inside the Parasaur Paddock (which was probably the watchmen) when Rexy, Nima, and Yoder entered the paddock. Rexy began to feed on the carcass and while doing so killed the Raptor who was originally eating it. She later abandoned this carcass after she discovered Billy when he returned to the paddock.[6]

It is unknown what happened to the Parasaur populations on Isla Nublar after the Isla Nublar Incident of 1993.

Elvis jpg

Wild on Isla SornaEdit

When Hurricane Clarissa hit Isla Sorna, the InGen personnel evacuated the island with the Parasaurs that were under their care being freed by them or by the hadrosaurs freeing themselves. In the wild, they countered the Lysine contingency by eating Lysine rich plants.[4]

They had a wide range of territory on the island. In the east, they coexisted with Gallimimus, Pachycephalosaurus, and the large Mamenchisaurus.[4] In the west, they lived alongside with Ankylosaurus, Brachiosaurus, and Stegosaurus, even forming mixed herds with the related hadrosaur Corythosaurus.[3]

Isla Sorna Incident (1997)Edit

The InGen Hunters captured a Parasaurolophus that their leader, Roland Tembo, named Elvis because its crest resembled a pompadour like Elvis Presley had. This individual would later be freed the Gatherers Nick Van Owen and Dr. Sarah Harding the following night it was captured by the hunters, though it is unknown if the Parasaur survived.[4]


In 1999, InGen was in possession (or had created) an infant Parasaurolophus. When Simon Masrani went to oversee the genetics company a year after he had purchessed it, he got to hold the young Parasaur.[8]

Isla Sorna Incident (2001)Edit

When the search group for Eric Kirby was running from the Velociraptor pack who they encountered in the InGen Compound that Billy Brennan (one of their members) stole eggs from, they ran through a mixed herd of Parasaurolophus and Corythosaurus that was outside the InGen Compound.

Later, Parasaurolophus was one of the many dinosaurs that Dr. Alan Grant and the Kirby family saw on a riverbank.[3]

Parasaurolophus stegosaurus triceratops apatosaurus TV spot screenshot

Parasaurolophus in the Gyrosphere Vallay.

Jurassic WorldEdit

Parasaurolophus was one of the many dinosaurs that lived as an attraction for Masrani Global Corporation's Jurassic World. Because of their close resemblance to the previously created clones, it is possible that those that lived in the park originated from the dinosaurs transported to Isla Sorna in 2004.[9] However, the images on Jurassic World's website depict them with a longer and more curved crest. On the website, their skin was a mixture of tan and brown with their crests having a mint green lining.

The juveniles, unlike the originals, had crests at an early age.[10]

They lived in the Gyrosphere Valley, Cretaceous Cruise, Gentle Giants Petting Zoo,[10] and the Gallimimus Valley.[11]

During the Isla Nublar Incident of 2015 Gray and Zach Mitchell saw several Parasaurs during their time in the Gyrosphere Valley.[10]

It is unknown what happened to Parasaurolophus populations created for Jurassic World after the Isla Nublar Incident of 2015.


Videos Edit


Vocalizations Edit

Novel canon Edit

In The Lost World a Parasaurolophus herd lives near the river close to a Apatosaurus herd. The large Apatosaurus give protection, whereas the smaller and weaker Parasaurolophus have better eyes and can warn the dinosaurs for predators.

Richard Levine studies the creatures from the High Hide. When he imitates their strange calls the herd walks in goose step to the forest to urinate and defecate. Procompsognathus eats their feces.

The Lost World: Jurassic Park (arcade game)Edit

A male Parasaurolophus is encountered in the The Lost World: Jurassic Park arcade game.

The Lost World: Jurassic Park (video game)Edit

Parasaurolophus was originally going to appear in the The Lost World: Jurassic Park console game, but was cut; apparently the files for Parasaurolophus was lost. The Prey Gallery jokingly stated that it 'was eaten by a vicious pack of 3D Raptors before it could make it safely into the game'.

Jurassic Park III: Park BuilderEdit

Parasauralophus is nr. 084 of the Herbivore Twos that can be created in Jurassic Park III: Park Builder.

Jurassic Park: SurvivalEdit

It was planned to appear in Jurassic Park: Survival.

Jurassic Park: BuilderEdit

Parasaurolophus is one of the available dinosaurs in the IOS application, Jurassic Park: Builder.

Jurassic Park: Trespasser Edit

Parasaurolophus appears in Jurassic Park: Trespasser. It is first encountered in the Jungle Road level near Cathy's Beach. It is later seen again in the Industrial Jungle, wandering dangerously close to a Tyrannosaurus, with another Para near the Smuggler's Plane.

Unlike its film version, this Para is yellow/orange with black spots. It doesn't live in herds, and in all locations only a single Para is located. The creature is easily frightened by Anne.

Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis Edit

Parasaurolophus is a 3 star Large Herbivore in Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis and are shown as those from The Lost World. They come from the same dig site as Acrocanthosaurus and Torosaurus. They can be paired with Edmontosaurus, Corythosaurus, or Ouranosaurus (despite the fact that Parasaurolophus and Ouranosaurus didn't live in the same period or place). They are favoured prey for Acrocanthosaurus (despite the fact that Parasaurolophus and Acrocanthosaurus didn't live in the same period) and Albertosaurus. They make a soothing, resonant piping sound. They also closely resemble the Parasaurs from The Lost World film.

Jurassic World: The GameEdit

Parasaurolophus is seen in Jurassic World: The Game as a super rare herbivore.

LEGO: Jurassic WorldEdit

Parasaurolophus was in LEGO: Jurassic World and did many of the same things as Parasaurolophus did in The Lost World, Jurassic Park III and Jurassic World. Like all the other dinosaurs, Parasaurolophus sometimes participates in humorous antics, due to the game's comical nature.


The Lost World Series 1Edit

A Parasaurolophus toy was released as a part of this toy line.

Jurassic Park III Kaiyodo ToysEdit

A maquette of Parasaurolophus was one of the toys in this line.

Jurassic WorldEdit

A Parasaurolophus "Hero Masher" was one of the toys of this line. Its parts can be used with other toys in the line to make unique creations.

On the Jurassic Park: River Adventure in the Islands of Adventure, a male Parasaurolophus knocks your vehicle off track from entering Hadrosaur Cove and into the Velociraptor containment area. Another spits water at you.

Behind the scenesEdit


The Parasaurolophus carcass model originally meant for the opening of The Lost World: Jurassic Park.

The vocalizations of Parasaurolophus were created from cows calling through tubes.[12]

An alternate opening to The Lost World: Jurassic Park was for a Japanese fishing boat to pull up a Parasaurolophus carcass in its net, to which the net breaks from the weight of the carcass and disappears into the waters below.[13] Paul Mejias supervised the construction of this sculpture.[14]

In the script for The Lost World: Jurassic Park, instead of the Parasaurolophus Elvis, Dieter Stark captures a Corythosaurus (misspelled "Carinthosaur" in the book). Though this scene was cut from the final film, it is included in Mighty Chronicles adaptation of The Lost World Jurassic Park.[15]

Despite its appearances usually being little more than cameos, Parasaurolophus has physically appeared on-screen in all four films of the Jurassic Park franchise, a distinction shared with the more famous and iconic Tyrannosaurus, Triceratops, and Velociraptor.


  1. Telltale Games (2011). Tour the Island site, Tour_the_Island#Parasaurolophus_Paddock Parasaurolophus Paddock.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Jurassic Park
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Jurassic Park III
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 The Lost World: Jurassic Park
  5. Jurassic Park III Size Chart
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 Jurassic Park: The Game
  7. InGen Field Journal, page 8
  9. Timeline2004islasorna
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Jurassic World
  11. - Gallimimus Valley Retrievd from
  12. Return to Jurassic Park: Something Survived
  13. - 'We're in the Hands of Engineers!' A Jurassic Party Experience... (July 1, 2015) Retrieved from
  14. Paul Mejias - Scrapbook. Retrieved from
  15. The Lost World: Jurassic Park (Mighty Chronicles), pages 76, 77
Jurassic Park Dinosaurs
BrachiosaurusDilophosaurusGallimimusParasaurolophusTriceratopsTyrannosaurus rexVelociraptor
Jurassic Park: The Game Dinosaurs
CompsognathusDilophosaurusHerrerasaurusParasaurolophusPteranodonTroodonTriceratopsTylosaurusTyrannosaurus rexVelociraptor
The Lost World: Jurassic Park Dinosaurs
CompsognathusCorythosaurusEdmontosaurusGallimimusMamenchisaurusPachycephalosaurusParasaurolophusPteranodonStegosaurusTriceratopsTyrannosaurus rexVelociraptor
Jurassic Park III Dinosaurs
AnkylosaurusBrachiosaurusCeratosaurusCompsognathusCorythosaurusParasaurolophusPteranodonSpinosaurusStegosaurusTriceratopsTyrannosaurus rexVelociraptor
Jurassic World Dinosaurs
AnkylosaurusApatosaurusDimorphodonGallimimusIndominus rexMosasaurusParasaurolophusPteranodonStegosaurusTriceratopsTyrannosaurus rexVelociraptor

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