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Parasaurolophus

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Parasaurolophus
Parasaurolophus-detail-header

Name meaning

""Near Crested Lizard""

Code name

Parasaur
Para

Diet

Herbivore

Height

4 meters (13 feet)

Length

10 meters (33 feet)

Weight

4-5 tons (8,000-10,000 lbs)

Range

Isla Nublar
Isla Sorna

Birth type

Egg

Novel canon appearances

The Lost World

Movie canon appearances

Jurassic Park

Jurassic Park: The Game
The Lost World: Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park III
Jurassic World

Game appearances

The Lost World: Jurassic Park (arcade game)
Jurassic Park: Trespasser
Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis
Jurassic Park III: Park Builder
Jurassic Park: The Game

Toy appearances

The Lost World Series 1

Template Source

Parasaurolophus is a Hadrosaurid (sometimes called a duck-billed dinosaur) from approximately 76.5–73 million years ago (late Cretaceous). It is a herd animal feeding on the park’s rich vegetation. The most stunning feature of the Parasaurolophus is the crest on its head. Scientists were unsure of its function until today. Some believed it was a snorkel for when the animal was in water; others felt that it was used in combat. We now know that it serves for display and for communication, allowing the animals to remain in contact over distance by amplifying their haunting, beautiful cries.[1]

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StoryEdit

CreationEdit

DVDPlay 2009-05-06 15-06-05-95

A herd of Parasaurolophus in the Brachiosaurus Enclosure.

Parasaurolophus was created by InGen[2] in their compound[3] on Isla Sorna where they spent their early lives being raise by the workers there.[4][3] The clones resembled the species Parasaurolophus walkeri, but their crests tended to be shorter and more curved. There was no sexual dimorphism within these clones. In a Parasaurolophus herd there would be a member that would observe the surrounding area for any threats to the herd and would alert it if there were any nearby.[5] However, they had two skin variations, brown[2][5][4] and beige.[3]

When the clones were a few months old they would be transported to the neighboring island Isla Nublar to live as an attraction for InGen's Jurassic Park. Several lived in the self-titled Parasaurolophus Paddock,[5] though there were many that lived in the Brachiosaurus Enclosure.[2]

Just before the 1993 Isla Nublar Incident, one of the Parasaurs that was kept in the Parasaurolophus Paddock hurt her leg and became the watchmen of her herd.[5]

Isla Nublar Incident (1993)Edit

The endorsement team saw a herd of Parasaurolophus at the Watering Hole of the Brachiosaurus Enclosure, though they seemed to have been more awestruck by the enclosure's titular Brachiosaurus rather than the hadrosaurs.[2]

Dr. Laura Sorkin and her assistant David Banks stayed on Isla Nublar during the storm to monitor the Parasaurolophus Paddock along with the Troodon she had created.[5]

When Dennis Nedry disabled Jurassic Park's security systems, the Parasaurolophus in the Brachiosaurus Enclosure were able to roam freely,[2] however, the hadrosaurs inside the Parasaurolophus Paddock could not escape their paddock.[5]

When confronted by the remaining survivors and mercenaries on Isla Nublar, Dr, Sorkin insisted that they Lysine into the water supply of the Parasaur Paddock to save its inhabitants from death via the Lysine contingency, to which she and Dr. Gerry Harding and his daughter Jess Harding helped her achieve her goal. But after releasing Lysine into the water supply a pack of Velociraptors entered the paddock and killed the Parasaurlophus that was the watchmen of her herd.

Jurassic Park's Tyrannosaurus rex, Rexy, later hunted a Parasaurolophus, but did not kill it. Nima Cruz and Billy Yoder witnessed this hunt.[5]

It is unknown what happened to the Parasaur populations on Isla Nublar after the Isla Nublar Incident of 1993.

Elvis jpg

Wild on Isla SornaEdit

When Hurricane Clarissa hit Isla Sorna, the InGen personnel evacuated the island with the Parasaurs that were under their care being freed by them or by the hadrosaurs freeing themselves. In the wild, they countered the Lysine contingency by eating Lysine rich plants.[4]

They had a wide range of territory on the island. In the east, they coexisted with Gallimimus, Pachycephalosaurus, and the large Mamenchisaurus.[4] In the west, they lived alongside with Ankylosaurus, Brachiosaurus, and Stegosaurus, even forming mixed herds with the related hadrosaur Corythosaurus.[3]

Isla Sorna Incident (1997)Edit

The InGen Hunters captured a Parasaurolophus that their leader, Roland Tembo, named Elvis because its crest resembled a pompadour like Elvis Presley had. This individual would later be freed the Gatherers Nick Van Owen and Dr. Sarah Harding the following night it was captured by the hunters, though it is unknown if the Parasaur survived.[4]

Isla Sorna Incident (2001)Edit

Para19zy-17f0658-1-

Parasaurolophus size scale.

When the search group for Eric Kirby was running from the Velociraptor pack who they encountered in the InGen Compound that Billy Brennan (one of their members) stole eggs from, they ran through a mixed herd of Parasaurolophus and Corythosaurus that was outside the InGen Compound.

Later, Parasaurolophus was one of the many dinosaurs that Dr. Alan Grant and the Kirby family saw on a riverbank.[3]

Parasaurolophus stegosaurus triceratops apatosaurus TV spot screenshot

Parasaurolophus in the Gyrosphere Vallay.

Jurassic WorldEdit

InGen recreated Parasaurolophus for Masrani Global Corporation's Jurassic World. The clones resembled the previous though the images on Jurassic World's website depict them with a longer and more curved crest. On the website, their skin was a mixture of tan and brown with their crests having a mint green lining. They lived in the Gyrosphere, Cretaceous Cruise, Gentle Giants Petting Zoo and the Gallimimus Valley.

During the Isla Nublar Incident of 2015 Gray and Zach Mitchell saw several Parasaurs during their time in the Gyrosphere Valley.[6]

It is unknown what happened to Parasaurolophus populations created for Jurassic World after the Isla Nublar Incident of 2015.

GalleryEdit

Videos Edit

Jurassic Park - Parasaurolophus walkeri Sound Effects HD02:16

Jurassic Park - Parasaurolophus walkeri Sound Effects HD

ImagesEdit

Vocalizations Edit

Novel canon Edit

In the Lost World novel a Parasaurolophus herd lives near the river close to a Apatosaurus herd. The large Apatosaurus give protection, whereas the smaller and weaker Parasaurolophus have better eyes and can warn the dinosaurs for predators.

Richard Levine studies the creatures from the High Hide. When he imitates their strange calls the herd walks in goose step to the forest to urinate and defecate. Procompsognathus eats their feces.

The Lost World: Jurassic Park (arcade game)Edit

A male Parasaurolophus is encountered in the The Lost World: Jurassic Park arcade game.

The Lost World: Jurassic Park (video game)Edit

Parasaurolophus was originally going to appear in the The Lost World: Jurassic Park console game, but was cut; apparently the files for Parasaurolophus was lost. The Prey Gallery jokingly stated that it 'was eaten by a vicious pack of 3D Raptors before it could make it safely into the game'.

Jurassic Park III: Park BuilderEdit

Parasauralophus is nr. 084 of the Herbivore Twos that can be created in Jurassic Park III: Park Builder.

Jurassic Park: SurvivalEdit

It was planned to appear in Jurassic Park: Survival.

Jurassic Park: BuilderEdit

Parasaurolophus is one of the available dinosaurs in the IOS application, Jurassic Park: Builder.

Jurassic Park: Trespasser Edit

Parasaurolophus appears in Jurassic Park: Trespasser. It is first encountered in the Jungle Road level near Cathy's Beach. It later seen again in the Industrial Jungle, wandering dangerously close to a Tyrannosaurus, with another Para near the Smuggler's Plane.

Unlike its film version, this Para is yellow/orange with black spots. It doesn't live in herds, and in all locations only a single Para is located. The creature is easily frightened by Anne.

Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis Edit

Parasaurolophus is a 3 star Large Herbivore in Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis and are shown as those from The Lost World. They come from the same dig site as Acrocanthosaurus and Torosaurus. They can be paired with Edmontosaurus, Corythosaurus, or Ouranosaurus (despite the fact that Parasaurolophus and Ouranosaurus didn't live in the same period or place). They are favoured prey for Acrocanthosaurus (despite the fact that Parasaurolophus and Acrocanthosaurus didn't live in the same period) and Albertosaurus. They make a soothing, resonant piping sound. They also closely resemble the Parasaurs from The Lost World film.

Jurassic World: The GameEdit

Parasaurolophus is seen in Jurassic World: The Game as a super rare herbivore.

LEGO: Jurassic WorldEdit

Parasaurolophus was in LEGO: Jurassic World and did many of the same things as Parasaurolophus did in The Lost World, Jurassic Park III and Jurassic World. Like all the other dinosaurs, Parasaurolophus sometimes participates in humorous antics, due to the game's comical nature.

GalleryEdit

The Lost World Series 1Edit

A Parasaurolophus toy was released as a part of this toy line.

Jurassic Park III Kaiyodo ToysEdit

A maquette of Parasaurolophus was one of the toys in this line.

On the Jurassic Park: River Adventure in the Islands of Adventure, a male Parasaurolophus knocks your vehicle off track from entering Hadrosaur Cove and into the Velociraptor containment area. Another spits water at you.

Behind the scenesEdit

SWSWebcast5

The Parasaurolophus carcass model originally meant for the opening of The Lost World: Jurassic Park.

An alternate opening to The Lost World: Jurassic Park was for a Japanese fishing boat to pull up a Parasaurolophus carcass in its net, to which the net breaks from the weight of the carcass and disappears into the waters below.[7] Paul Mejias supervised the construction of this sculpture.[8]

In the Mighty Chronicles adaptation of The Lost World Jurassic Park instead of the Parasaurolophus Elvis, Dieter Stark captures a Corythosaurus (misspelled "Carinthosaur" in the book).[9]


ReferencesEdit

  1. Telltale Games (2011). Tour the Island site, Tour_the_Island#Parasaurolophus_Paddock Parasaurolophus Paddock.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Jurassic Park
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Jurassic Park III
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 The Lost World: Jurassic Park
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Jurassic Park: The Game
  6. Jurassic World
  7. Jurassicworld.org - 'We're in the Hands of Engineers!' A Jurassic Party Experience... (July 1, 2015) Retrieved from http://www.jurassicworld.org/?id=332#comments
  8. Paul Mejias - Scrapbook. Retrieved from http://paulmejias.com/scrapbook/studio-shots-image-03.html
  9. The Lost World: Jurassic Park (Mighty Chronicles), pages 76, 77
Jurassic Park Dinosaurs
BrachiosaurusDilophosaurusGallimimusParasaurolophusTriceratopsTyrannosaurus rexVelociraptor
The Lost World: Jurassic Park Dinosaurs
CompsognathusCorythosaurusEdmontosaurusGallimimusMamenchisaurusPachycephalosaurusParasaurolophusPteranodonStegosaurusTriceratopsTyrannosaurus rexVelociraptor
Jurassic Park III Dinosaurs
AnkylosaurusBrachiosaurusCeratosaurusCompsognathusCorythosaurusParasaurolophusPteranodonSpinosaurusStegosaurusTriceratopsTyrannosaurus rexVelociraptor
Jurassic World Dinosaurs
AnkylosaurusApatosaurusDimorphodonGallimimusIndominus rexMosasaurusParasaurolophusPteranodonStegosaurusTriceratopsTyrannosaurus rexVelociraptor

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