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Parasaurolophus-header-iconParasaurolophusname
Parasaurolophus-detail-header

Name meaning

"Near Crested Lizard"

Code name

Parasaur
Para

Diet

Herbivore

Height

4 meters (13 feet)

Length

10 meters (33 feet)

Weight

4-5 tons (8,000-10,000 lbs)

Range

Isla Nublar
Isla Sorna

Birth type

Egg

Novel canon appearances

The Lost World

Movie canon appearances

Jurassic Park
The Lost World: Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park III
Jurassic World

Game appearances

The Lost World: Jurassic Park (arcade)
Jurassic Park: Trespasser
Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis
Jurassic Park III: Park Builder
Jurassic Park: The Game

Toy appearances

The Lost World Series 1
Jurassic Park III (Kaiyodo)
Jurassic World

Template Source

Parasaurolophus is a hadrosaurid (sometimes called a duck-billed dinosaur) from approximately 76.5–73 million years ago (late Cretaceous). It is a herd animal feeding on the park’s rich vegetation. The most stunning feature of the Parasaurolophus is the crest on its head. Scientists were unsure of its function until today. Some believed it was a snorkel for when the animal was in water, others felt that it was used in combat. We now know that it serves for display and for communication, allowing the animals to remain in contact over distance by amplifying their haunting, beautiful cries.[1]

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Wikipedia has a more detailed and comprehensive article on Parasaurolophus


Behind the scenesEdit

SWSWebcast5

The Parasaurolophus carcass model originally meant for the opening of The Lost World: Jurassic Park.

Parasaurolophus, despite appearing physically in the first three films, is absent from the scripts of the aforementioned films, or is at least not mentioned by name. In Jurassic Park, the Parasaurs appear to have filled the role of both Hadrosaurus and Maiasaura from the novel, most notably the former as both Hadrosaurus in the novel and Parasaurolophus in the film lived alongside a species of sauropod at a watering hole.

When creating the concept art for the Parasaurolophus featured in the first film, Mark "Crash" McCreery used a duck's bill as a reference when creating the hadrosaur's mouth and the eyes of a deer to make the dinosaur seem quiet and docile.[15] Two proposed colorations were made by "Crash" McCreery. One was a beige color with a dark gray crest and back with dark brown stripes on the thigh and the other's coloration had the whole head and neck as red, the torso being a darker tan with some of this tan being on its back instead of black like the first coloration and the stripes on its thigh being black as opposed to dark brown.[16] The final film's Parasaurs have greenish colored skin with a black back and seemingly lacks striping while its other details are unidentifiable due to the duckbill dinosaurs being difficult to see clearly. TyRuben Ellingson painted the digital maps used for the color of the Parasaurolophus as well as the Brachiosaurus in Jurassic Park.[17] At one point, sexual dimorphism was considered, with the species P. walkeri being the males and the females being the species P. cyrtocristatus.The mural of the dinning room featuring Parasaurolophus painted by Doug Henderson[18] still utilizes this scrapped idea.

Oddly, the section "Exploring Jurassic Park Part 2" of the Topps comic Jurassic Park II and the Jurassic Park Topps card for Parasaurolophus states that it was cut from Jurassic Park[19][15] even though a herd can be seen at the Watering Hole with Brachiosaurus.

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The proposed female a.k.a P. cyrtocristatus.[16]

An alternate opening to The Lost World: Jurassic Park was for a Japanese fishing boat to pull up a Parasaurolophus carcass in its net, to which the net breaks from the weight of the carcass and disappears into the waters below.[20] Paul Mejias supervised the construction of this sculpture[21] and even though this alternate opening scene never made the final cut, the carcass was still used in the film in the scenes taking place in the Tyrannosaurus nest and the boneyard.[22] It was later repainted for Jurassic Park III[23] to represent the carcass that the T. rex was eating.[24]

In the script for The Lost World: Jurassic Park, instead of the Parasaurolophus Elvis, Dieter Stark captures a Corythosaurus[25][26] (misspelled "Carninthosaur" in the script).[27] Though this scene was cut from the final film, it is included in Mighty Chronicles adaptation of The Lost World Jurassic Park.[28] This early design choice is also referenced in the film itself with one of the Hunters carrying a factsheet of Corythosaurus[29] and Roland even misidentifies the Parasaur Elvis as a corythosaur, but is unable to pronouce it.[30]

Paul Mejias sculpted and painted a 1/7th scale model from one of McCreery's designs[31] that stood 17 inches tall.[32] Unlike the concept art, this painted maquette was a bright yellow. The head was also not completely red, with the crest being black and the only red found on its body being only on the back of its neck. Ultimately, the final sequence would feature the color of Parasaurolophus as having more of an earth tone and less red on the neck.[33] A further two maquettes were made to reflect the change to earth tones with one having less red on the back of the neck than the other, the one with less red on the neck being nearly identical to the color scheme seen in the finished film.[34] Another fully poseable maquette was created to serve as a reference for modeling the full sized carcass.[35]

The vocalizations of Parasaurolophus for The Lost World: Jurassic Park were created from cows calling through tubes.[36]

Parasaurolophus (96)

CGI rendering for Jurassic World.

Originally, the stamped scene in Jurassic Park III was to feature solely Parasaurolophus with their model reused from The Lost World: Jurassic Park, but Corythosaurus was added to the stamped when director Joe Johnston and visual effects supervisor Jim Mitchell felt there needed to be more variety. The Corythosaurus was created from the Parasaurolophus model from The Lost World: Jurassic Park.[37] The Parasaurolophus from the film received a new color scheme.

The Parasaurolophus in Jurassic Park: The Game appears to have been based on several Parasaur designs that were never seen physically in the films. They have bright yellow skin much like one of the Parasaurolophus maquettes made for The Lost World: Jurassic Park and the front half of the crest is red just like the lone Parasaurolophus walkeri seen on one of the murals of the Jurassic Park Visitors' Centre.

Despite its appearances usually being little more than cameos, Parasaurolophus has physically appeared on-screen in all four films of the Jurassic Park franchise, a distinction shared with the more famous and iconic Tyrannosaurus, Triceratops, and Velociraptor.

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. Telltale Games (2011) Tour the Island site, Tour_the_Island#Parasaurolophus_Paddock Parasaurolophus Paddock.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Jurassic Park
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Jurassic Park III
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 The Lost World: Jurassic Park
  5. Jurassic Park III Size Chart
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 Jurassic Park: The Game
  7. InGen Field Journal, page 8
  8. For those wondering where this image originates from, this image comes from the Blu-Ray of Jurassic Park, which has a clearer look at the Parasaur herd at the Watering Hole.
  9. NAMUMKIN KUCH BHI NAHI
  10. Timeline2004islasorna
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Jurassic World
  12. Jurassicworld.com - Gallimimus Valley Retrievd from http://www.jurassicworld.com/park-map/gallimimus-valley/
  13. Jurassic Park Adventures: Prey, p. 39
  14. Jurassic Park Adventures: Prey, p. 39-40
  15. 15.0 15.1 Jurassic Park Topps trading cards #83 - Parasaurolophus
  16. 16.0 16.1 [1]
  17. Sosa, J.L. (2015, June 12) ‘I Was a Failed Gallimimus’: Jurassic Park Through The Eyes of One of Its Magic Creators. Retrieved http://filmschoolrejects.com/features/jurassic-park-tyruben-ellingson.php
  18. The Making of Jurassic Park, p. 115
  19. Jurassic Park II: "The Parasaurolophus was later removed from the story, while younger incarnations of Triceratops and Raptors were added."
  20. Jurassicworld.org - 'We're in the Hands of Engineers!' A Jurassic Party Experience... (July 1, 2015) Retrieved from http://www.jurassicworld.org/?id=332#comments
  21. Paul Mejias - Scrapbook. Retrieved from http://paulmejias.com/scrapbook/studio-shots-image-03.html
  22. The Making of The Lost World: Jurassic Park, p. 50
  23. FXWork.com - Jurassic Park III. Retrieved from http://fxwork.com/jurassic-park-iii.html
  24. This can be proven due to it having exposed ribs like the dead Parasaurolophus made for TLW and has a greenish skin color with a dark green splotch on its back like the repainted latter.
  25. The Lost World Film Script: Scene 42: Back in the Container Truck
  26. The Lost World Film Script: Scene 47
  27. The Lost World Film Script: Scene 36
  28. The Lost World: Jurassic Park (Mighty Chronicles), pp. 76-77
  29. Coryna
  30. Corythosaurustlwsaid Netflix subtitles.
  31. paulmejias.com - The Lost World, Page 1. Retrieved from http://paulmejias.com/character-effects/lost-world-image-1.html
  32. paulmejias.com - The Lost World, Page 2. Retrieved from http://paulmejias.com/character-effects/lost-world-image-2.html
  33. paulmejias.com - The Lost World, Page 4. Retrieved from http://paulmejias.com/character-effects/lost-world-image-4.html
  34. Instagram@stanwinstonschool Tell us again why #CGI is SOOOOOO great.
  35. The Making of The Lost World: Jurassic Park by Don Shay and Jody Duncan, p. 25
  36. Return to Jurassic Park: Something Survived (...and came to San Deigo
  37. Deckel, Larry. (October 2001) Jurassic Park III: Bigger, Faster, Meaner. Cinefex, 87, p. 39.

NavigationEdit

Jurassic Park Dinosaurs
BrachiosaurusDilophosaurusGallimimusParasaurolophusTriceratopsTyrannosaurus rexVelociraptor
Jurassic Park: The Game Dinosaurs
CompsognathusDilophosaurusHerrerasaurusParasaurolophusPteranodonTroodonTriceratopsTylosaurusTyrannosaurus rexVelociraptor
The Lost World: Jurassic Park Dinosaurs
CompsognathusEdmontosaurusGallimimusMamenchisaurusPachycephalosaurusParasaurolophusPteranodonStegosaurusTriceratopsTyrannosaurus rexVelociraptor
Jurassic Park III Dinosaurs
AnkylosaurusBrachiosaurusCeratosaurusCompsognathusCorythosaurusParasaurolophusPteranodonSpinosaurusStegosaurusTriceratopsTyrannosaurus rexVelociraptor
Jurassic World Dinosaurs
AnkylosaurusApatosaurusDimorphodonGallimimusIndominus rexMosasaurusParasaurolophusPteranodonStegosaurusTriceratopsTyrannosaurus rexVelociraptor

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