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Name meaning

"Knob lizard [1]"




12 meters (40 ft)[1]


5 tons[1]


Isla Nublar

Movie canon appearances

Jurassic Park: The Game

Game appearances

Jurassic Park III: Park Builder
Jurassic Park: Builder

Template Source

Tylosaurus has a large, strong chest and arms, big flippers, a long body, and a strong tail for swimming. It has a ram-shaped snout and big conical teeth for catching prey. It is a mosasaur, or Meuse River lizard, a true marine lizard. Its food was turtles, plesiosaurs, other mosasaurs, larger fish and shellfish.[1]

Wikipedia has a more detailed and comprehensive article on Tylosaurus

Creation Edit

Laura Sorkin wrote in her Journal that Hammond cut half of her research funding for 'urgent needs'. A year later Sorkin saw that the funding was used to build the Marine Facility, a glass viewing dome in an underwater cave.[2] She later saw that it housed a Mosasaur. She wrote that "I'd be pissed off about being kept out of the loop, but I'm too excited to care." She writes that the Mosasaur was the first specimen created and was amazed that it was viable. It was grown in a "breeding tank" and was placed in the lagoon of the facility has it had outgrown the tank.[3]

The cloned Tylosaurus had a row spikes running down its neck to its upper back like outdated depictions of mosasaurs from the late 1800s. It also lacked a tail fluke, with another row of spikes covering the tail. The clone's skull was unlike Tylosaurus being as short as the mosasaur Platecarpus with the jaws not being completely straight.

It was nicknamed Jurassic Park’s ‘Devil from the deep’ and was scheduled for Phase II, 6 months after the opening of the Park. InGen had hired marine animal behaviorists to set up security protocols.[4]

Isla Nublar Incident (1993)Edit

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Distraught over not being able to call off the planned Costa Rica Napalm Bombing that was to destroy the cloned fauna on Isla Nublar, Dr. Laura Sorkin released the Tylosaurus, hoping that it would survive in the wild. However, rather ironically, instead of escaping the facility it charged right at the rotunda, knocking Dr. Sorkin into the pool on the lower floor of the rotunda, where the Tylosaurus proceed to consume her.

Afterward, Billy Yoder abandoned his group leaving them to die as the facility flooded, giving the remaining survivors no other choice but to swim the Tylosaur as their only means of escape. When the group entered the water, they released fish to distract it, but this distraction failed as it attacked Nima Cruz when she became stuck in a log. It then pursued Nima and later Jessica Harding, though they both managed to evade the marine reptile. The group finally had a chance to escape the Tylosaurus once and for all by maneuvering around the large reptile at the sea caves, where it was unable to find them. Though right before the group could make their escape, the Tylosaurus charged at them only for Dr. Gerry Harding to shut the gate down using his harpoon, preventing the Tylosaurus from escaping into the open ocean.[5]

Sometime after the Isla Nublar Incident of 1993 the Tylosaurus died,[6] leaving the Tylosaurus genus extinct once more. However, the family Mosasauroidea lived on with the creation of Mosasaurus for Masrani Global Corporation's Jurassic World over a decade later.[7]

Classification Edit


InGen Field Guide. Its genus name "Tylosaurus" is at the bottom of the page.

It was originally the unnamed marine reptile in the game being only referred to as "Mosasaur". In Laura Sorkin's research journal, she describes the creature and labels it "Mosasaur". She also writes: "Upwards of 50 feet long, depending on genus." From this text it is clear that she doesn't know its genus, indicating that she calls the creature "Mosasaur", she refers to the family to which it belongs; which is Mosasaurs (Mosasauridae). The identity of Jurassic Park's Mosasaur was ultimately revealed to be Tylosaurus in the InGen Field Guide. Further evidence that it is Tylosaurus is that the skull on the diving suits in the Marine Facility is of Tylosaurus.




All video games released so far have outdated depictions of Tylosaurus showing it without a tail fluke and lacking the color scheme that all mosasaurs might have had in real life, which was black with a white underbelly as these features were not discovered around the release of the games below.

Jurassic Park III: Park BuilderEdit

Tylosaurus is number 127 of the Carnivore Threes that can be created in Jurassic Park III: Park Builder. As a carnivore, it should be placed in its own enclosure, considering that if it gets placed with another animal, it will kill it. In-game it looks like a plesiosaur, probably because the game makers didn't have large enough a budget to make its own model.

Jurassic Park: BuilderEdit

see Tylosaurus/Builder

Tylosaurus appears in the underwater park update for the game Jurassic Park: Builder.

Behind the scenesEdit

Tylosaurus is the first marine reptile to appear in the film canon with Mosasaurus being the second.


Tylosaurus chasing Lex Murphy in concept art for the Jurassic Park animated series.

Tylosaurus was originally going to appear in the Jurassic Park animated series.[8] It was to be depicted with crocodilian osteoderms on its back.

In one of the drawings in the InGen Field Journal and InGen Field Guide the Tylosaurus is depicted with its upper jaw being slightly longer than its lower jaw.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Dinosaur Field Guide, page 137.
  2. InGen Field Journal, page 14
  3. InGen Field Journal, page 15
  4. Tour the Island
  5. Jurassic Park: The Game
  6. On the page "Play" of, it is said that the Mosasaurus is the "word's only Mosasaur". Whether or not this is referring to Mosasaurus itself or the superfamily Mosasauroidea is uncertain, but Jurassic Park's Tylosaurus most likely did die as it would have eventually run out of food before the cleanup teams arrived in 1994.
  7. Jurassic World
  8. - Jurassic Park Original Art: Mosasaur Surprise (August 11, 2015) Retrieved from
Jurassic Park: The Game Dinosaurs
CompsognathusDilophosaurusHerrerasaurusParasaurolophusPteranodonTroodonTriceratopsTylosaurusTyrannosaurus rexVelociraptor

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